Difference between revisions of "RandomKey"

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[ 3753.261979] evbug: Event. Dev: input22, Type: 0, Code: 0, Value: 0
 
[ 3753.261979] evbug: Event. Dev: input22, Type: 0, Code: 0, Value: 0
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
And YES... it's happening for all three more-or-less correct soldered boards. Why more-or-less you ask? Well some pins of the ARM chip didn't stuck... but it shouldn't matter since they are not crucial and only outputs. (ps the people that did some maths know that I screwed two boards... sigh). <br>
+
And YES... it's happening for all three more-or-less correct soldered boards. Why more-or-less you ask? Well some pins of the ARM chip didn't stuck... but it shouldn't matter since they are not crucial and only outputs. (ps the people that did some maths know that I screwed two boards... sigh). <br>
I'm doing something wrong here, but what?  
+
 
 +
I'm doing something wrong here, but what?
  
 
==Costs==
 
==Costs==

Revision as of 00:16, 22 October 2013

AnyKey.pngAnyKeyPopulated.png
Pictures:http://anykey0x.de/

Status

Started: September 21 2013
Status: Active
Goal: experiment with Eagle and making pcb's and ending with an awesome thingy.
Who: Ardillo

Description

Thanks to the guys of puscii. I found out that there is/was an event at Ordina Nieuwegein and thanks of that I found the open source project of Tim Becker.

AnyKey0x.de

Tim designed the AnyKey0x.de which is a small development board. As an enthousiast of small-and-capable-of-a-lot hardware I really wanted one, and with me a couple others. Since Tim made his project completely open source, I would like to thank Tim for sharing such an awesome project. All the kudo's (or base) belong to you.

RandomKey

The only change I made for now is just the text on the board, but it would be nice if we made some major changes to it. That depends a little on the enthusiasm we get from it. So at the moment it's just a fork of the original with no enhancements what so ever.

Building

Skills

Before doing this I needed to refresh my skills with Eagle. I used a simple howto guide on the sparfun website.
SMD-Soldering
Eagle: Schematics
Eagle: PCB Layout
In the end you'll have a fully (Sparkfun modified) Eagle setup and the knowledge to make a Serial to USB converter, because it's the training object of the tutorial.

PCB

Get the board printed by a company like smart-prototyping.com and search for the needed hardware. It is actually better to look for the parts first, but we'll see. Zarya from hackerspace Bitlair pointed me to some PCB fabhouses. I pasted their URL's in the reference. For this prototype I'm going to use smart-prototyping.com, but they need 10 gerber files instead of the normal 7. Which can be found on their website.

All Files: no offset, no mirror,no rotate, no upside down

Use EXCELLON
.TXT (Drill & Holes)

Use Gerber_RS274X:
.GML (Outline)
.GTP (Solder Paste Top)
.GBP (Solder Paste Bottom)
.GTS (Solder Mask Top)
.GBS (Solder Mask Bottom)
.GTO (Silk Screen Top)
.GBO (Silk Screen Bottom)
.GTL (Top layer)
.GBL (Bottom Layer)

Because the normal CAM processor only generates 7 of 10 Gerber files, I made a special .cam file which can be downloaded here. This will generate the asked 10 Gerber files. No guarantee, I'll let you know when the boards arrive. (boards arrived they look good, but will they work?)

Check Gerber Files

You can check the files with a free viewer downloadable here. This tool is Windows only :( I ran it in an Win7 VM, works fine.

Soldering

Last week all the parts arrived and it was time to tinker around. It scared me at first how small all the components are, and believe me.. during soldering I cursed a lot. I needed a very fine tip because all the parts are very close to each other. At the time of writing I tried five of the ten boards. My results are getting better and I'm getting better in place all the parts and maintain my patience.
For the soldering results look below in the picture section. Some tips for the soldering are :

  • Have a lot of patience
  • Google on SMD soldering
  • Study those datasheets (especially for the crystal and the LED)
  • Have more patience
  • Apply solder gently especially at the two buttons, their top is easily short circuited to a pin.
  • Did I mention patience already?

Connecting

Here's where all the problems start. Everything looks nice, the parts are more or less good soldered. Lets try connecting it to a laptop. For getting it connected you have to do some magic. First install some firmware and place the board into upload mode. Check out this on how it's done.

But when connecting it to a laptop with linux installed I get this:

[ 3741.416593] usb 1-1.2: new full-speed USB device number 16 using ehci-pci
[ 3741.488489] usb 1-1.2: device descriptor read/64, error -32
[ 3741.664652] usb 1-1.2: device descriptor read/64, error -32
[ 3741.840743] usb 1-1.2: new full-speed USB device number 17 using ehci-pci
[ 3741.912740] usb 1-1.2: device descriptor read/64, error -32
[ 3742.088809] usb 1-1.2: device descriptor read/64, error -32
[ 3742.264867] usb 1-1.2: new full-speed USB device number 18 using ehci-pci
[ 3742.672665] usb 1-1.2: device not accepting address 18, error -32
[ 3742.744778] usb 1-1.2: new full-speed USB device number 19 using ehci-pci
[ 3743.152777] usb 1-1.2: device not accepting address 19, error -32
[ 3743.152884] hub 1-1:1.0: unable to enumerate USB device on port 2
[ 3744.109290] usb 1-1.2: new full-speed USB device number 20 using ehci-pci
[ 3746.025685] usb 1-1.2: new full-speed USB device number 21 using ehci-pci
[ 3746.097705] usb 1-1.2: device descriptor read/64, error -32
[ 3747.306144] usb 1-1.2: new full-speed USB device number 22 using ehci-pci
[ 3747.377979] usb 1-1.2: device descriptor read/64, error -32
[ 3752.813858] evbug: Event. Dev: input22, Type: 4, Code: 4, Value: 458834
[ 3752.813862] evbug: Event. Dev: input22, Type: 1, Code: 103, Value: 1
[ 3752.813863] evbug: Event. Dev: input22, Type: 0, Code: 0, Value: 0
[ 3752.957897] evbug: Event. Dev: input22, Type: 4, Code: 4, Value: 458834
[ 3752.957900] evbug: Event. Dev: input22, Type: 1, Code: 103, Value: 0
[ 3752.957900] evbug: Event. Dev: input22, Type: 0, Code: 0, Value: 0
[ 3753.261975] evbug: Event. Dev: input22, Type: 4, Code: 4, Value: 458792
[ 3753.261978] evbug: Event. Dev: input22, Type: 1, Code: 28, Value: 1
[ 3753.261979] evbug: Event. Dev: input22, Type: 0, Code: 0, Value: 0

And YES... it's happening for all three more-or-less correct soldered boards. Why more-or-less you ask? Well some pins of the ARM chip didn't stuck... but it shouldn't matter since they are not crucial and only outputs. (ps the people that did some maths know that I screwed two boards... sigh).

I'm doing something wrong here, but what?

Costs

We did some calculation, what are the total costs of the project so far, and what would one RandomKey cost. Especially the last one is interesting when deciding to make a workshop SMD soldering with this project.

Costs of parts

Some parts are bought at the farnell webshop others at RSonline. This was done because farnell sells resistors and capacitors only by big amounts. We don't need 500 resistors for this project. Buying parts in small amounts is more expensive for each part but in the end it was almost €50 cheaper than buying the parts in big amounts. So maybe for the future, when we decide to make 500 handmade RandomKeys, this will be a solution ;)

NOTE: for every part I ordered a bit more then necessary parts we need, so we have some spare parts if some noob lets the magic smoke escape.

part url amount total price
Printing PCB (10x package) + shipping Smart Prototyping 10 €18.18 incl. taxes + shipping
(Farnell) C&K components KMR241G - pushbutton C&K components KMR241G - pushbutton 25 €13,50
(Farnell) Abracon - ABM8G - 25MHz Crystal Abracon - ABM8G - 25MHz Crystal 12 €13,32
(Farnell) FCI micro USB B, receptacle, SMT, RA, 5WAY FCI micro USB B, receptacle, SMT, RA, 5WAY 12 €6,00
(RSonline) MCU 32-Bit ARM Cortex M3 - LPC1343FBD48 MCU 32-Bit ARM Cortex M3 - LPC1343FBD48 12 €39,60
(RSonline) OSRAM LED 0603 blue OSRAM LED 0603 blue 20 €2,76
(RSonline) Schottky Diode 3-Pin SOT-23 - BAT54C Schottky Diode 3-Pin SOT-23 - BAT54C 20 €2,80
(RSonline) MOSFET 3-Pin SOT-23 - BSS84 MOSFET 3-Pin SOT-23 - BSS84 20 €3,30
(RSonline) MCP1801T 5-Pin SOT-23 MCP1801T 5-Pin SOT-23 20 €6,60
(RSonline) Capacitor 0603 100nF Capacitor 0603 100nF 50 €3,75
(RSonline) Capacitor 0603 1uF Capacitor 0603 1uF 50 €3,50
(RSonline) Capacitor 0603 18pF Capacitor 0603 18pF 50 €1,45
(RSonline) Resistor 0603 33 Ohm Resistor 0603 33 Ohm 50 €1,05
(RSonline) Resistor 0603 100 Ohm Resistor 0603 100 Ohm 50 €1,40
(RSonline) Resistor 0603 1.5k Ohm Resistor 0603 1.5k Ohm 50 €1,05
(RSonline) Resistor 0603 10k Ohm Resistor 0603 10k Ohm 50 €1,05
crazy Dutch taxes (21%) €21,24
Total incl. spares €140,55

Costs of one RandomKey

Like I said above we calculated some spare parts incase you fry them, but it's a little odd to pay for spare parts when you don't use them. So if somebody wants a kit, what would be the cost of that. Without soldering mistakes that is.

part amount each total
RandomKey PCB 1 €1,82 €1,82 incl. taxes
C&K components KMR241G - pushbutton 2 €0,54 €1,08
Abracon - ABM8G - 25MHz Crystal 1 €1,11 €1,11
FCI micro USB B, receptacle, SMT, RA, 5WAY 1 €0,50 €0,50
MCU 32-Bit ARM Cortex M3 - LPC1343FBD48 1 €3,30 €3,30
OSRAM LED 0603 blue 1 €0,138 €0,138
Schottky Diode 3-Pin SOT-23 - BAT54C 1 €0,14 €0,14
MOSFET 3-Pin SOT-23 - BSS84 1 €0,165 €0,165
MCP1801T 5-Pin SOT-23 1 €0,33 €0,33
Capacitor 0603 100nF 2 €0,075 €0,15
Capacitor 0603 1uF 2 €0,07 €0,14
Capacitor 0603 18pF 2 €0,029 €0,058
Resistor 0603 33 Ohm 2 €0,021 €0,042
Resistor 0603 100 Ohm 1 €0,028 €0,028
Resistor 0603 1.5k Ohm 2 €0,021 €0,042
Resistor 0603 10k Ohm 3 €0,021 €0,063
again taxes (21%) €1,53
donation to RandomData (not-members) $ $$$$$ €5,00
total €15,64

Reference

AnyKey0x.de -- the one and only original
AnyKey0x.de Github -- all the files including sdk
Post @knutsel.org -- making cheap PCB's
MakePCB.com -- for making PCB's off course
iTead -- if <10, cheap one
Smart Prototyping -- cheapest one by far

Software

EAGLE PCB Software -- Eagle PCB designer
viewplot -- Free viewer of gerber files (last check before sending it to fabhouse)

Used Suppliers

Smart Prototyping -- cheapest one by far
farnell -- Electronic components
RSonline -- Electronic components

Pictures

Randomkey recv1.jpgRandomkey recv2.jpgRandomkey vs SDcard.jpg
Randomkey ARM3.jpgRandomkey soldering1.jpgRandomkey soldering2.jpgRandomkey soldering result.jpg